material | compounding
A compound is a word or lexical unit formed by combining two or more words (a process called compounding)pounds may be formed in many ways: common types in English include noun + noun (e.g. bookcase), adjective + noun (e.g. blackbird), noun + adjective (e.g. tax-free), noun + past participle (e.g. handmade), and verb + adverb (often based on phrasal verbs, e.g. lookout).
g. blackbird, handmade), specific due to the fact separate terms (e.grams. atom-bomb, living room area), and several which have hyphens (e.grams. tax-free, mother-in-law). With quite a few ingredients there is type of these choices.
- In the OED, compounds are treated as entries in their own right if they are particularly significant, for example because they have been in use for a long time, are widely used, or have several meanings. For example, there is a separate entry for Atom bomb letter., and the ‘Origin’ section notes that it is formed ‘by compounding’: that is, by combining the two nouns atom and bomb.
- Other compounds are covered under the first element of the compound, either at the most relevant sense, or in a separate section towards the end of an entry with the heading ‘Compounds’. For example, the entry Sporting events n. has a large compounds section including football club, football team, football player, football-crazy, and many others.
A concrete noun denotes a physical object, place, person, or animal (as opposed to an abstract noun, which denotes something immaterial such as an idea, quality, state, or action).
- On PITH letter., the branch with ‘Concrete uses’ includes senses such as ‘the soft internal tissue of a plant part’ (as in ‘Peel the oranges with a sharp knife, discarding all the bitter white pith’).
A conditional clause is a clause, typically beginning with if or unless, which expresses a condition. For example, in ‘If my car breaks down again, I will have to buy a new one’, the clause if my car breaks down again is a conditional clause. A sentence or statement which contains a conditional clause may be described as a conditional sentence or statement.
- Compliant adj. step 3, ‘Of a person: willing to agree to something’, is described as ‘In later use chiefly in conditional statements.’ An example is: ‘Well, sir, if the Ann’s certified, I say ditto.’
- Be v. P3d describes the use of were it not for and if it were not for in forming ‘conditional clauses expressing exception’. An example of a conditional clause introduced by if it were not for is: ‘A small-print floral dress in lilac-very like a housecoat print, if it weren’t towards the exotic background regarding inky-black.’
A conjunction is a word used to connect other words, sentences, clauses, or sentences. And, but, or, if, when, although, because, and unless are all common conjunctions in English. Some conple as soon as; these may be described as compound conjunctions.
- Entries for conple, the use of unless as a con never angry with anybody unless they deserve it’, is treated at Unless conj.
- Membership letter. P1d(b) describes the use of the phrasetoward membership as a ‘compound conjunction’ meaning ‘on account of the fact that; because’, giving examples such as ‘the priests said give her work on account she was a charity’.
A construction is any group of words functioning together grammatically. For example, the string of words want to come is a construction consisting of a verb and an infinitive; the phrase be going to in ‘I’m going to leave now’ is a construction used to express future time; and the phrase Maureen’s coat is a genitive construction.